Resource allocation for inclusive education: A GEM Report analysis

With the aim of evaluating inclusive education policies in at least 100, regionally diverse countries, the national profiles will include the history of inclusive education in the country, government plans and policies, national definitions, models of inclusive and special needs education, and financing for inclusive and special needs education. When included in education budgets, inclusive education tends to be financed in one of two ways. First, most countries have a system for identifying learners with special needs which then awards additional financial support to schools based on the number of identified students. This per pupil approach is considered an input funding model. The second approach is designed to provide schools with greater autonomy in distribution decisions by providing block grants. This flexible funding model is more adaptable, allowing schools to differentiate their solutions. Different funding models motivate different school behavior.